The Philippines is an archipelago compromising of 7,107 islands and is a Southeast Asian country in the Western Pacific. Manila is the capital city of the Philippines and is popular for its waterfront promenade and centuries-old Chinatown in Binondo.
The Philippine Islands are divided into three (3) geographical divisions namely: (1) Luzon, (2) Visayas, and (3) Mindanao.
The Philippines consists of a total of 18 regions distributed among the three geographical divisions of the country. The most recent region, the Negros Island Region, was created by virtue of Executive Order (E.O.) No. 183 issued by President Benigno Aquino III last May 29, 2015 which leads to the unification of the Negros Occidental and Oriental separating them from two previous regions.
The existence of the Philippine Regions can be traced back on September 24, 1972 when they were organized into eleven (11) regions through a Presidential Decree № 1 as part of the Integrated Reorganization Plan of President Ferdinand Marcos.
Though there is a great similarities between the Tagalog dialect and the Filipino language, the two are completely different. Tagalog is a dialect spoken in Metro Manila and some parts of northern Philippines while Filipino is the official language of the Philippines compromising the major use of the Tagalog dialect and some Visayan language – Hiligaynon and Bisaya.
The Tagalog language is taught in all school levels in the country while English is the most used language especially in tertiary level. Each province has its own distinctive language depending on its geographical location but the mostly used dialects are Tagalog in Luzon and Bisaya or Hiligaynon in the Visayas and Mindanao.
The Filipino (plural Filipinos) are the people of Philippines. They are characterized by fair complexion and black hair. The variations are Filipino (Pilipino) for men and Filipinas (Pilipina) for women. In contraction, the Filipino people can be called Pinoy for male and Pinay for female.
In Philippine language, Filipino is a language and Pilipino is the race but in English, the word Filipino may refer to both the language and the race. Variations of Filipino races around the Philippines also depends on its tribal affiliation which means just like the dialects, the Filipino race can be classified and are different depending on the geographical location.
For instance, the people from Cebu are called Cebuanos and the people of the Manila are called the Tagalogs.